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In Latin America, the COVID-19 pandemic has made visible the risks associated to large human concentrations characterized by social exclusion and deep inequity gaps, as well as the multidimensional connections between economic forces, public policies, ecological degradation, and social and gender inequalities. These problems converge and act in synergy in large cities. One of the main challenges that citizens and authorities have had to confront, in the face of the pandemic in Lima and Quito, is the provision of food for millions of people, while minimizing the risks of contagion. Low resilience of the agri-food systems in these two cities have already been detected on occasion of other large-scale events, such as social protests and climatic phenomena. The social and economic impacts of the pandemic, mostly affecting informal workers, rural immigrants, and other vulnerable groups, imply significant food security challenges aggravated by pre-existent obstacles in the access and affordability of nutritious food. Both national governments and local municipalities have faced a variety of difficulties, including institutional limitations; transportation problems; disconnections between producers, authorities and consumers; structural defects in commercial food chains; deficiencies in agro-ecological quality and food safety; and crowded marketplaces. Since the start of the century, Quito and Lima began promoting urban agriculture and convened participatory and multi-institutional platforms, to strengthen the sustainability of their agri-food systems. Quito, recently, began the establishment of "Food Hubs" (neighborhood healthy eating nodes with networking potential between small farmers, food markets, consumer groups, and other strategic stakeholders). The project, in the short term, will contribute to the cities¿ responses to emerging challenges by engaging municipalities, farmers, and consumers, through existing multi-stakeholder platforms.
Se trata de un proyecto de estudio interdisciplinario sobre los bosques secundarios en el Perú. Me encargo del componente socioeconómico del proyecto, para lo cual desarrollo un Análisis Integrado Multi-Escala del Metabolismo de la Sociedad y Ecosistemas (MuSIASEM).